Disposal Methods of Biodegradable (Organic ) Solid Wastes :
There are generally there main methods about disposal of Waste ( domestic , industrial , animals , etc. )
Most type of the power generation is Landfill Gas (LFG) Energy Generation in Turkey. There are currently , 136 pcs of Plants in various sizes and total capacity is around 783 MW of waste / biomass energy production plant capacity.
At the stored waste in landfill waste, oxygen-free environment takes place once the microbial activity on the other hand as a result of decay garbage becomes stable bio gas (methane LFG) form . Organic waste creates landfill gas is to be collected and evaluated with the appropriate technical field, due to the explosive and flammable-inflammable feature large risks to human health and the environment carries ..
The number of energy production projects from Landfill Gas (Methane -LFG) which is formed in the municipal solid waste storage areas is also increasing day by day. These projects provide significant benefits to the economy along with environmental benefits .
Landfill gas of flammable and explosive, as well as in methane content in the atmosphere of carbon dioxide compared to the second one has the effect of times more greenhouse gases. Landfill of making electricity sales by burning in power plants, as obtained in addition to the economic benefits of carbon emission reduction offers.
Landfill gas off a garbage field of organic carbon fermentation results public stands out.
Approximately 100-200m³ landfill ( waste) gas is obtained from 1 ton of solid waste during usage .
The gas is approximately 35% -65% Methane (CH 4); It contains 20% -45 % as carbon dioxide (CO2) .
Solid waste the court about the use duration of 15-20 years.
On the other hand, biogas plants are not only energy, fertilizer plants but also environmental projects. Biogas plants are also a disposal facility and will increase in number if supported separately by the Ministry of Environment. In Germany, approximately 10500 and even Denmark 7500 Facilities on existing as Considering how much is obvious that open the possibility of development in this regard. Landfill Gas and Waste Energy Generation Projects, YEKDEM (Renewable Energy Resources Support Mechanism) mechanism , which is available in Turkey , if continue in the same way after 2020 and this will increase the number of facilities in this area.